If you’re new to photography and would like to take better photographs, whether it’s with a DSLR or a small compact, then with a few simple rules you’ll be able to take some really good shots. Moreover, Hazel Gap Barn wedding photos can serve as a great example for you, besides all these factors mentioned below.

Know your camera

It may seem an obvious thing to do, but get to know your camera. It’s surprising how many people don’t know what the switches and dials on their camera actually do. So read the manual; most cameras have a quick start guide to help you get going if you don’t want to trawl through the whole manual.

Exposure modes:

Auto mode

Most digital cameras, whether they’re modest point and shoot compacts or higher-end DSLRs, will do a pretty good job in auto mode; just point at your subject, focus, and take the picture, allowing your camera to do the calculations such as white balance, hue, saturation, etc for you.

But if you’re feeling adventurous, then try out your cameras other exposure modes; most will have portrait, landscape, action, and night portrait modes amongst others.

Portrait mode

Using portrait mode will give your subject softer, more natural skin tones. If your subject is far from the background such as outside in the garden, the background will appear out of focus (bokeh) allowing your subject to stand out

  • Image by Luigi Moranti
  • Landscape mode
  • In landscape mode, the greens and blues are more vivid
  • Image by NeilsPhotography
  • Action mode
  • In action mode, priority is given to fast shutter speed to freeze the action.
  • Image by grodo
  • Close-up (Macro)
  • Use this mode to photograph small objects such as flowers and insects.
  • Image by madmarv
  • Night portrait
  • As the name suggests this mode is for photographing in low light situations such as night-time.
  • Image by maxintosh

Get in close

Some subjects look really good when they fill the frame. An excellent example is shown below of a Flamingo by Richard Step. By getting in really close Richard has shown the details of the flamingos colorful plumage and made the image look quite abstract; a stunning image!.

Photographing people

This technique works with people as well. Take a look at the wonderful image below of a young boy by Kaleid. By zooming-in to the boy’s face, along with the soft lighting, has made what could have been an ordinary photo into something special.

So try it yourself, next time you’re photographing a suitable subject, get-in really close.

When photographing someone, instead of looking straight at the camera, why not try getting them to focus on something to one side (as above), this will give a more natural look and will help to prevent red-eye and always focus on the eyes.

Try a different angle

When photographing, try looking at the subject from a different angle; perhaps photographing someone from above or crouching down and looking up. To maximize the colors, try shooting a flower from low on the ground, or as I have done here; a familiar churchyard scene photographed from the church tower (below).

Horizons

I think we’ve all seen many photos, whether its friends or family holiday snaps or photos displayed online, of crooked horizons, even though they can be simply rectified with the simplest editing software. A crooked horizon can spoil an otherwise great image. So the answer is to make sure that your horizon looks straight when taking your picture. For more info on this topic, take a look at our other post.

Keep your horizon level!

Focusing

After shooting the session, you will probably look at the LCD screen and feel pleased that the images look good, only to find that when you’ve downloaded your images to your computer some look out of focus. So, the rule is don’t trust your LCD screen. Yes, I know that with most DSLRs you can use the zoom tool to zoom in to check whether an image looks sharp or not, but I still can’t always tell, even using my three-inch LCD screen (even with my reading glasses on!) but maybe that’s just me, and I’m overdue for an eye check-up. The point is, take a little more time to focus on your subject then you won’t be disappointed later.

Locking the focus

If you have your camera set to AF (autofocus) you’ll find that it does a pretty good job of focusing, but if your subject is not in the center of the viewfinder, you may find that when you compose your shot, your cameras AF may focus on something in the foreground or the background instead, leaving your main subject blurry and out of focus.

To avoid this, you just need to lock the focus by pressing the shutter release button halfway down to focus on your main subject which is off-center (as below), then, keeping the button pressed halfway down, recompose your shot, then press the shutter release all the way down to take the picture.

There is another way to take a picture when the subject is off center; some digital cameras allow you to move your AF point; the AF point is the small red circle or rectangle you see through your viewfinder, but this can be a little time consuming if you’re not too familiar with your camera.

A lovely portrait by Sektordua where the main subject is off center

ISO

If your aim is to get a clear, sharp picture with the lowest amount of noise (grain), set your iso level to the lowest possible setting that you can. For photographing on a bright sunny day, set your iso level to 100 or 200 (or lower if your camera allows it, more-so if you using a tripod). If you want more info on iso levels, check out our other post: Beginners guide to taking perfectly blur-free.

Julia
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I am Julia. I am extremely fascinated by the world of news. My team works earnestly to bring you the core contents for your satisfaction.